1- Detect fever by monitoring your temperature.
The majority of people with COVID-19 have had a fever. Their body temperature exceeded the value of 37 ° C, which is considered normal. Yours may be slightly higher or lower than this value. The way to take an accurate measurement is to use a medical thermometer. However, it is also possible to detect an abnormal rise in body temperature by observing symptoms such as abnormal sweating, chills, greater or lesser weakness, muscle pain or dehydration.
- If you are an adult and your temperature reaches or exceeds 39 ° C, go to your doctor immediately. The consultation can also be done remotely. In this case, it is a teleconsultation.
- Infants under 3 months of age with a body temperature of 38 ° C or more should be presented to a doctor urgently. The same applies to children aged 6 to 24 months if their temperature is equal to or greater than 39 ° C.
- For those over 2 years of age, it is important to seek medical attention if the fever persists for more than 3 days or if it is accompanied by severe symptoms.
2 – Watch out for respiratory illnesses.
Cough and difficulty breathing are among the most common symptoms of the coronavirus. Other signs may appear such as sore throat, nasal congestion, runny nose, or fatigue. However, be aware that these symptoms can be caused by other conditions. So, if you have one of them, stay calm. The only way to confirm the diagnosis is to do a biological test by taking a sample from the nasal or respiratory passages.
3 – Evaluate your risks.
The virus is present in the territory and forms centers of infection or clusters. Apart from these outbreaks, the chances of contracting the disease are relatively low if you have not been in an infected area or if you have not been in contact with someone who is sick or has a positive diagnosis. However, if you meet any of these criteria, you are free, provided you do not develop symptoms of the disease after 14 days. In addition, your doctor may ask you to be tested if you have respiratory symptoms and if your tests were negative for other conditions.
- Currently (October 26, 2020), the countries severely affected by COVID-19 are the United States, Brazil, India, Russia, France, Argentina, Spain, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
4 – Check that it is not another illness.
Just because you are sick does not necessarily mean you are infected with the coronavirus. If your area is not affected and if you have not traveled recently, it is very possible that you have a simple flu or a cold.
- If, for example, one of your coworkers had the flu, chances are you got the flu rather than COVID-19.
5 – Talk to your doctor.
You will need to do this if you have a fever and difficulty breathing, and think you have been exposed to the coronavirus. You can also request a teleconsultation. This formula allows you to take the exam while staying at home. Otherwise, before the exam, tell your doctor to allow him to prepare to receive you and take the necessary measures to avoid possible contagion. They can also give you instructions on what to do next.
- Your doctor will not do the diagnostic test himself, but will refer you to an authorized health facility that will take care of you. This establishment will take a sample which will be sent to a specialized laboratory for analysis.
Perform the analysis
1 -Go to a university hospital center.
If you have symptoms, go immediately to a CHU (University Hospital Center). You can also go to an analysis laboratory.
- You don’t need a prescription or have symptoms to get tested at a CHU, but people with symptoms or a prescription come first.
- The test is paid for and therefore fully reimbursed.
2 – Agree to have a nasal swab. The main diagnostic tests for the coronavirus involve taking a nasopharyngeal sample by swabbing from the nose and throat. During the test, try to remain still while the technician takes the swab sample.
- The technician will need to insert the instruments at the back of your nose and down your throat. The operation takes 5 to 10 seconds and can be unpleasant or even painful.
- There are other types of tests in France, such as the ELISA (automated serological) test, saliva tests, TROD, and TDR. An L.B.A. (bronchoalveolar fluid sampling) can be done in a hospital setting, its efficiency seems better, but it is an invasive operation. As the virus gradually travels to the respiratory tract, the viral load in the nose of a person with symptoms may be zero after a few days, hence the effectiveness of L.B.A.
3 – Provide a sputum sample. If you have a fatty cough, the lab may take a sample of your sputum. To provide this sample, you must first rinse your mouth with water. Then you will spit into a sterile collection cup.
- In rare cases, for example if you have acute respiratory syndrome, the technician may spray saline solution into your lungs to obtain a sputum sample. However, this step may be unnecessary for people with only mild symptoms.
4 – Wait for the test results. The samples will be tested and you will be notified of the results when they are available. This can last between 24 hours and 3 days.
- The management of samples from a suspected patient follows a rigorous procedure, in particular the use of special packaging.
5 – Follow the treatment prescribed by your doctor if the test is positive. Currently, there is no cure or cure for the coronavirus. But, research is underway to find a solution to this disease. Your doctor may recommend treatments to ease your symptoms and prevent them from getting worse. Therefore, be sure to follow its recommendations closely. Do not leave your home and avoid contact with members of your family.
- If your symptoms worsen, for example if you have difficulty breathing, your doctor may recommend hospitalization for intensive treatment.
6 – Take steps not to spread the disease. If you are sick, stay home except to see your doctor. Also try to isolate yourself in a particular room so as not to infect other members of your family. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue each time you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue away.
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, and sanitize your home to avoid spreading germs to others.
- If you have the condition, wear a face mask to prevent spreading the virus to other people. However, such a mask will not protect you from illness if you are in good health.
7 – Take a serological test. A serological test will allow you to determine if you have been in contact with the virus and then have developed an immune reaction. A blood test will make it possible to detect the presence of antibodies. It is reimbursed by social security if it falls within the framework defined by the High Authority for Health. Find out more on the website of the Ministry of Solidarity and Health & nbsp.